返回列表 发帖

《关系的真谛:做人、交友、处世》书摘(第六章 教师、学校、教育和你)

4. 发现自己的兴趣
    正确的教育也应帮助学生发现他对什么最感兴趣。如果找不到自己真正喜欢的事业,他的整个人生就好比被荒废掉一样,做着自己不想从事的职业势必会让他产生挫败感。
    如果他想成为艺术家,却阴差阳错蜗居在办公室作了小职员,他的整个人生将在抱怨声中抑郁度过。因此,重要的是每个人先找出自己想要从事什么,之后去考察那样做是否值得。一个男孩子可能想成为士兵,但在他从军之前,我们应帮助他发现军旅生涯是否会对整个人类都有裨益。
    正确的教育不仅应帮助学生发挥自己的才能,还应该让他了解自己对什么最感兴趣。在战事频仍、充满幻灭和苦难的当今社会,人必须有能力建构新的社会秩序,改变现在的生活方式。
    建设和平、开明社会的职责主要落在在了教育者的肩上。由于情绪上不会因此而变得激动不已,教育者推动这种社会变革的机会显然很大。正确的教育不依赖于任何政府的条文或者任何特殊方法;正确的教育就在我们自己手里,在家长和教师们的手里。
    如果父母们真的在乎孩子,他们应该建设一个全新的社会,但大多数父母对此根本不在乎,对这个最为紧迫的问题他们总是缺少时间。他们有时间去赚钱,去玩乐,去参加仪式或去作礼拜,但却没有时间思考什么样的教育对孩子来说才是正确的,对这一问题,大多数人都不愿意面对。面对意味着必须放弃自己的玩乐和消遣,他们当然不愿意了。因此,他们把孩子送去学校,而那儿的老师也跟他们一样,根本不在乎什么是正确的教育。他们为什么要在乎?教书对他们仅仅是份工作而已,一种谋生的手段罢了。
    如果深入观察世界,我们会发现它的建构是何等肤浅、虚伪、丑陋;我们装点光鲜的外部世界,希望每件事都能如愿。但可悲的是,大多数人或许除了赚钱、争权夺利或追求性刺激以外,对生活并不十分热忱。他们不想面对人生中其他复杂的状况,这也是为什么当孩子长大后,他们也像父母那样不成熟、人格不健全,总是为难自己、与这个世界作对的原因。
    我们如此轻言说爱自己的孩子;但当我们接受现存的社会环境,当我们不想为这个支离破碎的社会带来任何根本性改观时,我们在内心真的有爱吗?如果我们指望让专家来教育自己的孩子,这种困惑和苦恼就将持续;因为专家关注的只是部分而非整体,他们自己在人格和知识体系上也是不完备的。
    现在,教育并不是最受尊重的职业,从教者的职责感也不是最强,教育遭到轻贱,大多数从教者忙于日常事务。他们只是传达信息,并不真正关注受教育者人格是否健全和如何开发他们才智;一个对周遭世界浑然不觉而只知道传递信息的人是不配被叫作教育者的。
    教育者不仅传授知识;教育者还应指明通向智慧和真理之路。真理比教师(传授知识)更为重要。要创建一个社会,我们每个人都必须是真正的教育者,也就是说我们应既是学生又是老师;我们必须教育自己。
分享到: QQ空间QQ空间 腾讯微博腾讯微博 腾讯朋友腾讯朋友

最好把原文附上。

TOP

4. Discover your own interest
      The right kind of education should also help the student to discover what he is most interested in. if he does not find his true vocation, all his life will seem wasted; he will feel frustrated doing something which he does not want to do.
      If he wants to be an artist and instead becomes a clerk in some office, he will spend his life grumbling and pining away. So it is important for each one to find out what he wants to do, and then to see if it is worth doing. A boy may want to be a soldier; but before he takes up soldiering, he should be helped to discover whether the military vocation is beneficial to the whole of mankind.
      Right education should help the student, not only to develop his capacities, but to understand his own highest interest. In a world torn by wars, destruction and misery, one must be able to build a new social order and bring about a different way of living.
      The responsibility for building a peaceful and enlightened society rests chiefly with the educator, and it is obvious, without becoming emotionally stirred up about it, that he has a very great opportunity to help in achieving that social transformation. The right kind of education does not depend on the regulations of any government or the methods of any particular system; it lies in out won hand, in the hands of the parents and the teachers.
      If parents really cared for their children, they would build a new society; but fundamentally most parents do not care, and so they have no time for this most urgent problem. They have time for making money, for amusements, for rituals and worship, but no time to consider what is the right kind of education for their children. This is a fact that the majority of people do not want to face. To face it might mean that they would have to give up their amusements and distractions, and certainly they are not willing to do that. So they send their children off to schools ad here the teacher’s cares no more for them than they do. Why should he care? Teaching is merely a job to him, a way of earning money.
      The world we have created is so superficial, so artificial, so ugly if one looks behind the curtain; and we decorate the curtain, hoping that everything will somehow come right. Most people are unfortunately not very earnest about life, except, perhaps, when it comes to making money, gaining power, or pursuing sexual excitement. They do not want to face the other complexities of life, and that is why, when their children grow up, they are immature and unintegrated as their parents, constantly battling with themselves and with the world.
      We say so easily that we love our children; but is there love in our hearts when we accept the existing social conditions, when we do not want to bring about a fundamental transformation in this destructive society? And so long as we look to the specialists to educate our children, this confusion and misery will continue; for the specialists, being concerned with the part and not the whole, are themselves unintegrated.
      Instead of being the most honored and responsible occupation, education is now considered slightingly, and most educators are fixed in a routine. They are not really concerned with integration and intelligence, but with the imparting of information; and a man who merely imparts information with the world crashing about him is not an educator.
      An educator is not merely a giver of information; is one who points the way to wisdom, to truth. Truth is far more important than the teacher….To create a new society each one of us has to be a true teacher, which means that we have to be both the pupil and the master; we have to educate ourselves.

TOP

回复 3# lizz

请问lizz, 可否将整本书的英文原文上传上来与我们分享一下?

TOP

返回列表 回复 发帖