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克里希那穆提教诲的核心

克里希那穆提教诲的核心  
(写于1980年10月21日)

克里希那穆提教诲的核心,包含在他1929年所做的表述中:“真理是无路之国。”人不可能通过任何组织,任何信仰,任何教义、牧师或仪式,任何哲学知识或者心理技巧,来达到它。他需要通过关系的镜子,通过了解他自己心智的内容,通过观察而不是智识上的分析或者内省式的剖析,来找到它。人为自己建立了各种意象,以充当安全的围墙——宗教的,政治的,个人的。它们以符号、观念、信仰的形式出现。这些意象的包袱,支配着人的思想,他的关系,以及他的日常生活。这些意象是我们问题的根源,因为它们把人与人分割开来。他对生活的感知被他头脑中已经确立的概念所塑造。他意识的内容就是他的整个存在。这个内容是整个人类共有的。个性只是名与形,以及他从传统与环境中所获得的肤浅文化。人的独特性不在于表面,而在于从他意识的内容中完全解放出来,而这些内容是整个人类共有的。所以他不是一个个体。

自由不是反应;自由不是选择。人自欺地认为,因为他有选择,所以他是自由的。自由是纯然的观察,没有方向,没有对奖惩的恐惧。自由是没有动机的;自由不是在人类进化的结尾,而是在他存在的第一步。在观察中你开始发现自由的缺乏。自由是在我们对日常生活和行为无选择的觉知中发现的。

思想是时间。思想产生于经验和知识,而经验和知识是与时间和过去分不开的。时间是人类的心理敌人。我们的行动是基于知识,从而是基于时间的,所以人总是过去的奴隶。思想永远是局限的,所以我们生活在无休止的冲突与挣扎中。心理的进化是不存在的。

当人开始觉知到自己思想的运动时,他会看到思想者与思想、观察者与所观之物、经验者与经验之间的分割。他会发现这个分割是一个幻觉。只有此时,才有纯然的观察,它是没有任何过去及时间阴影的洞见。这个超越时间的洞见,带来一种深刻的,根本的心灵突变。

完全的否定是肯定的精髓。在否定了所有思想在心理上所带来的那些东西时,只有在此时,才有爱,也就是慈悲与智慧。

译者注:有人让克里希那穆提用简单的一句话,总结他教诲的核心。结果他写出了上面这几段话,作为答复。

转自:http://www.jkrishnamurti.org.cn/viewthread.php?tid=306&highlight=%BA%CB%D0%C4 ,对照原文略为修改。
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Being nobody, going nowhere.

原文:

The Core of Krishnamurti's Teachings
(written by him 21 Oct 80)


The core of Krishnamurti's teaching is contained in the statement he made in 1929 when he said: "Truth is a pathless land." Man cannot come to it through any organization, through any creed, through any dogma, priest or ritual, not through any philosophic knowledge or psychological technique. He has to find it through the mirror of relationship, through the understanding of the contents of his own mind, through observation and not through intellectual analysis or introspective dissection. Man has built in himself images as a fence of security -- religious, political, personal. These manifest as symbols, ideas, beliefs. The burden of these images dominates man's thinking, his relationships and his daily life. These images are the causes of our problems for they divide man from man. His perception of life is shaped by the concepts already established in his mind. The content of his consciousness is his entire existence. This content is common to all humanity. The individuality is the name, the form and superficial culture he acquires from tradition and environment. The uniqueness of man does not lie in the superficial but in complete freedom from the content of his consciousness, which is common to all mankind. So he is not an individual.

Freedom is not a reaction; freedom is not choice. It is man's pretense that because he has choice he is free. Freedom is pure observation without direction, without fear of punishment and reward. Freedom is without motive; freedom is not at the end of the evolution of man but lies in the first step of his existence. In observation one begins to discover the lack of freedom. Freedom is found in the choiceless awareness of our daily existence and activity.

Thought is time. Thought is born of experience and knowledge which are inseparable from time and the past. Time is the psychological enemy of man. Our action is based on knowledge and therefore time, so man is always a slave to the past. Thought is ever-limited and so we live in constant conflict and struggle. There is no psychological evolution.

When man becomes aware of the movement of his own thoughts he will see the division between the thinker and the thought, the observer and the observed, the experiencer and the experience. He will discover that this division is an illusion. Then only is there pure observation which is insight without any shadow of the past or of time. This timeless insight brings about a deep radical mutation in the mind.

Total negation is the essence of the positive. When there is negation of all those things that thought has brought about psychologically, only then is there love, which is compassion and intelligence.
Being nobody, going nowhere.

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